Birbhum is an administrative unit in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the northernmost district of Burdwan division -one of the five administrative divisions of West Bengal. Often called “the land of red soil”, Birbhum is noted for its topography and its cultural heritage which is somewhat different from the other districts in West Bengal. The Visva Bharati University at Santiniketan, established by Rabindranath Tagore is one of the places Birbhum is known for. Many festivals are celebrated in the district, including Poush Mela. Birbhum is primarily an agricultural district with around 75% of the population being dependent on agriculture. Principal industries of the district include cotton and silk harvesting and weaving, rice and oilseed milling, lac harvesting, stone mining and metalware and pottery manufacture. Bakreshwar Thermal Power Station is the only heavy industry in the district. Many famous people lived and worked in Birbhum, especially at Santiniketan.
Nobel laureate economist Amartya Sen is one of them. Rabindranath Tagore made this district his home and established his great centre of learning, Visva Bharati University at Santiniketan.
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